About India: India (Hindi: भारत) subcontinent is a large country and is a southern region of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and the region projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas. India is popular for its biggest democracy in this modern age and one of the oldest civilization in the world of history where many ethnic groups lived in this subcontinent for years. The earliest human remains in India date to about 30,000 years ago. Currently It ranks as the seventh largest country of the world by land and second most populated country of the world.
Indian dialects: The National Language and widely spoken is Hindi around 41% population roughly 422 million Hindi Speakers and other popular indian languages are Bengali(8%), Telugu(7.2%), Marathi(7%), Tamil(5.9%), Urdu(5%), Gujarati(4.5%), Kannada(3.7%), Malayalam(3.2%), Odia(3.2%), Punjabi(2.8%), Assamese(1.3%) and Maithili(1.2%) and Indian religions accounts to Hindu 79.8%, Muslim 14.2%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.7%, other and unspecified 2%.
India in Indian Scripts:
|Hindi: भारत, इंडिया|
|Punjabi: ਭਾਰਤ ਨੂੰ|
Ethnic groups of india:The ancient ethnic groups such as, the Dravidians, the Aryans, the Austrics, the Ethnic groups of india: Negritos, the Alpines and the Mongoloids had combined to constitute the modern Indian race. There are several numbers of diverse cultures in India, still it has unity in diversity, life is followed by Sanatan Dharma. India is a country of diverse civilization where people used 1635 rationalised mother tongues, 234 identifiable mother tongues and 22 major languages as per 2001 census. Unity in Diversity is one of the great characteristic of our nation which is binding people of all religions together with human values in one bond of humanity. In India, there are a large number of ancient Indian Culture are still practicing today.
Other names:It is also known as Indus(pronounced as Hindus), Bharat, Bharata, Bharatavarsha, Hindustan, Sindhu, Aryavarta, Dravida and People of india is called as indians or indian people or bharatiya or bharatwasi, Desi.
Religions in India:India is known as birth place of many religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainsm and Sikhism. Currently the main religions are Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, Islam, Christianity and Judaism. Hinduism is one of the oldest religion practiced in the world and 85% of indian population practice hinduism. Buddhism was founded by Goutam Buddha in 563 B.C. Jainism was preached by Mahavir in 599 B.C. Islam was introduced by Arabs in 7th Centruy, Later by Moghals in 13th Century by invading Bihar region this is the actual growth of islam in india. Christianity was introduced in 1st Century by some preachers from the west.
National bird: Peacock
National animal: tiger
National flower: Lotus
National fruit: mango.
National Tree: Banyan Tree.
National Flag of India: Tricolor Flag - Indian Flag colors are saffron means purity(upper color), white means peace (middle one having an Ashok Chakra) and green means fertility (the bottom color), Ashok Chakra contains equally divided 24 spokes which is taken from Ashoka Dharma Chakra Piller.
National anthem of India: Jana Gana Mana
National song: Vande Mataram
National ancient and popular games: Kabaddi, kho kho, gilli-dandi.
Means of Transport:People used to move mostly by feet in ancient days, As animals are domesticated then animals like OX, donkey, horse became the element to move from one place to another. Later Cart has been used to drag loads and people by 5 BC. After the industrial revolution In these Modern days Railways, Buses, Airlines, Cars, Mobikes and Bicycles are used frequently. Indian Railway has a longest network of carry more than 22 million passengers a day, this is the biggest mode of transportation after introduced in 1853 by East India Company currently run by IRCTC. The Delhi Metro is a rapid public transport system serving Delhi and its closeby cities of Noida, Gurgaon, Faridabad and Ghaziabad. Its mass urban transportation for people of delhi in India.
Communications:Indian post also referred as post office or post box and is operated by Government of India and it is the oldest form of communication with postal letters in modern day. Currently it has 154,939 post offices in rural and urban areas serving more than 1 billion people. For communication channels like Telephone, Mobile Network, Radio, TV and Internet, ISRO has launched a total of 86 Indian satellites(as on November 2016) in space to cater communication and for Army, Airforce, Navy and Coast Guards.
Cuisine:Every State has differnt food style and the most common food being Roti and Rice. The common names of Indian Bread through out the country are Roti or brown bread or Chapati, parotha, phulka is seen throught of the country as its popular Indian food.
Hindu Gods:Majority of Hindus are religious and often perform prayers to God. Everyone believes God is one(Iswar Ek Hai!), people believe in dieties in the form of Gods and Godess in Hinduism. The Gods are Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. The Godess are Saraswati, Lakshmi and parvati. So the Combination of God and Godess is Brahma and Saraswati, Vishnu and Lakshmi, ShivaParvati. Also there are many Avatars(forms) of these Gods and Godess believed to be arised from different aspects on earth to save mankind. Many of the hindu festivals are celebrated on aspects and the auspecious days of hindu gods derived from hindu calendar.
Festivals:Festivals being celebrated all over the year and some are specific to some states, Some of the popular festivals are Diwali, Dusshera, Holi, Ganesh Chaturdi, Sankranti or Pongal(South), Ugadi(South), Karva Chauth, Gurupurab, Eid-Ul-Fitr, Bihu, Onam, Christmas and Krishna Janmashtami.
Animals:Common Animals are found in forests are Elephants(Asian Elephant or Indian Elephant), Lion, Bengal Tiger, Buck, Monkey, Rhinoceroes, Leopard, Camel , Wolve, Fox, Bear and much more to list.
Classical Dances:Bharata Natyam, Kathakali, Kathak, Manipuri, Kuchipudi are the popular dances
Geography:India area is 3,287,263 Sq. Km (or 3.28 million Sq Km) has a coast line of 7,516.6 km of bay of bengal to the east, arabian sea to west and indian ocean to the south at Kanyakumari. The borders of the north east are Nepal, Bhutan,Bangladesh, Myanmar, China. The Northwest borders with Pakistan and Afghanistan and north region is Himalayas, Refer india map. Pakistan border is around 3,323 km, Bangladesh border with 4,096 Km, China with 3488 Km, Myanmar with 1643 Km, Nepal with 1751 Km, Bhutan with 699 Km, Afghanistan with 106 Km and the total land terrain covers to a distance of 15106 Km.
GDP:GDP is 7.57 in the year of 2015 as per the world bank reports, it is expected to be between 7 to 8 for the year 2016.
Forums & Regional Cooperations:United Nations, IMF, BRICS, SAARC, UNICEF
Projected Gross domesic product for India and USA
Spirutuality & Business:Even after 200 years of british colonisation with many suppressions and attrocities by them and pushed civil war by unresolving kashmir at the time of independence, Motherland India and its People has a mood of forgiveness to british country and to their people, This was by recent excellent example set by TATA by buying Steel company Corus and save their jobs in their land and this is not by colonisation and attrocites or by looting, as we have seen in the media with many rallies by british people with banners like "SAVE OUR STEEL, SAVE OUR JOBS, SAVE OUR TOWN", Like this there are many indian companies in british created many jobs to them. Indians not only masters of Spirutuality, but they are masters of Business and there is no proof required for this for all these centuries, before 1000 years this was already proven as Madurai was the financial capital of the world with one of the biggest trading ever happen with gold, spices and medicine. This was already written in many european books centuries ago, and this was also a key reason why Coloumbus started his journey to get gold from india who is promised to bring huge volumes of gold to make portugal rich, convinced and taken loan from portual king and queen . But due to mistake in printing in the book by printing press in the navigational maps he and his troops navigated and travelled to the west side instead of east, where he discovered America, and thought he reached India, and called those Native Americans as "Indiens". For many months he thought he was in the land of India and looking for gold, But probably these Native Americans must have migrated centuries back to that land from this mother land, might be this could be the reason he might have identified people/race and called as "Indi-ens". So is our desis used to live for centuries in America before white people invasion?
Banks: There are 27 PSBs in India. The biggest bank is State Bank of India, popular called as SBI is the largest state owned bank in india, The public sector banks are Bank of india, Corporation Bank, Syndicate Bank, IDBI Bank, PNB, Karnataka Bank is popular in the Karnataka region and headquartered in Mangalore, Vijaya Bank is popular in southern states and operating from Bangalore main office, Dena Bank. These banks where a majority stake is more than 50% held by Governement of India.
The Private sector banks and Competitors to Public sectors and greater part of the share or equity are held by private owners, HDFC is the largest banking in private sector, ICICI is the second largest, AXIS, Citibank and in public sector banks are Bank of India, Canara Bank, Union Bank of India
GST: GST is a comprehensive indirect tax on manufacture, sale and consumption of goods and services throughout India. It is proposed system of indirect taxation in India merging most of the existing taxes into single system of taxation.
Ecommerce: Ecommerces is raising in india with number of indians are attracted to online shopping. India had an internet user base of about 500 million plus as of Jan 2017, its currently second largest in the world, the popular type of payment is cash on delivery, Cash on Delivery popularly known as COD is a payment type used to buy online and pay the amount when goods received at their end. With the recent digital awareness programmes by Governement of india, pople are attracting towards digital money.
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