Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output. Todays Agriculture suffers in india due to government policies as due to no standard market prices, given less preference in these sector. In India Agriculture is key driven for employment in villages, almost half of the population is dependent on farming skills.
Agriculture and allied sectors like forestry and logging accounted for 16.6% of the GDP in 2007, employed 52% of the total workforce and despite a steady decline of its share in the GDP, is still the largest economic sector and plays a significant role in the overall social-economic development of India.
For the last 15 years Governments(Congress & BJP) has less focus on agriculture, many of the problem arised due to drought initially and later on market price fluctation. Lots of middlemen arised from farming product to consumer, this lead to high prices at consumer and low selling rate at farmer. Some of the state governments like Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu has set up Farmer baazar where farmer can sell directly to consumer, it worked initially for the villages around cities, but lateron these areas also captured by middlemen.
Major Problems for Farmers
2. Agricultural Loans - Not benefitting/corruption/Implementation Problem
3. Natural Storms - Losing the farming product
5. Seeds - Sale of low yeilded seeds
6. Fake Fertilisers - Selling of low quality fertilizers
7. Lack of Improvement of Technology to Suggest/Improve Crops
Labour moving to cities, leads to raising costs
Agriculture Labour is moving to cities in search of work or high pay, this makes farmer to pay more labour and machine costs. Currently Government is doing nothing in controlling Labor costs or Machine costs
Here is a list of top 10 Agriculture companies in India