Every year Indian Railway (Hindi: भारतीय रेल) carry about 800 crore passengers and three lakh metric tonnes of freight. India is going for train revolution at the moment which was untouched till 2014 post independence. Government is emphasising the need to increase the speed of the express trains from current average 50 kmph to 100kmph. It is one of the world largest rail networks of rail track length of 115,000 km. Indian Railways was designed by British empire, architeched in London by East Indian Railway Company in the year of 1845 for the purpose of people and goods movement from inland to the ports and later to the longer distance.
The average speed of freight trains in India is about 25 km per hour till today.
Only 80% of india trains run on time.
The average express train speed range of 50-55 km per hour, After the completion of High Speed Rail Network the average speed of the Express trains would go up to 75 kmph, with maximum speed of 100 kmph, while the average speed of the goods train would improve to 50 kmph as currently it is 25 kmph. Currently as of 2016 November there are 12,617 passenger trains and 7,421 freight trains operated daily.
Railway Zones of South, Central, Eastern, Western, Northern and North Eastern was Started in the year 1951-52. Currently rail network is divided into 17 zones.
The Indian Railways spends about Rs. 18,000 crore on diesel, and Rs. 12,000 crore on electricity bill.
Total spend of Rs. 30,000 crore on energy expenses
New Networks and Infrastructure: New Network plannings rail network of Delhi-Mumbai, Delhi-Kolkata and Mumbai-Chennai are underway
By 2020, Plan to connect all the northeastern state capital cities with railways
Working to enhance the speed of all Express trains on the Diamond Quadrilateral
modernisation of newer Networks and upgrading the infrastructure
Railway tracks to become Human waste free from 2019.
Unmanned railway crossings will be eliminated by 2020.
all the metre guage tracks will be converted to broad guage in the northeastern states
Indian Maglev Train proposals: Maglev or magnetic levitation or Hyperloops is a technology where the train raises 1-6 inches above the track of magnetic power and runs at speeds between 250 kmph to maximum 700 kmph.
State proposals fro the projects:
Comparision of World Maglev Trains: 1 mile = 1.609 KM, 374 miles per hour = 600 km per hour
Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu Report of 2016- 2017 and Projections of 2017:
Last year saw many milestones being set in Indian Railways and many new initiatives being taken. We believe not only in making promises,but also keeping them.We fulfilled many of the announcements made in the Railway Budget last year and we are committed to achieve the remaining ones.
Improving travel experience for our fellow citizens is at the core of our work and philosophy. Enhancing safety, improving speed, creating new passenger amenities, augmenting infrastructure, introducing of new train products all have been means to achieve this end.
Recent train accidents have anguished and pained me beyond words. We had started on this mission to make Indian Railways safe 2 years ago, when I joined office. Systemic issues accumulated over years take time to be resolved. Chronic underinvestment in infrastructure has affected the safety of Rail network. Much has been done but there is still so much more to do to make Indian Railways a safer mode of transport. We are determined to address the issues and come up with solutions. In the last 2 years, we have taken following measures to enhance safety:
Capital expenditure on safety related activities increased from Rs.39,200 Cr in 2013-14 to Rs. 46,048 Cr in 2015-16. We will be further increasing it to Rs.53,727 Cr in 2016-17.
Pace of track renewal has been increased substantially to over 2000 km every year.
Working on a mission to eliminate all unmanned level crossings by 2019.
All coaches to be retrofitted and improved with anti climbing and anti telescopic features over the next 4-5 years.
Entered into partnerships with several best-in-class global research bodies like Railway Technical Research Institute, Japan and Korean Rail Research Institute.
Introduction of Ultrasonic Broken Rail Detection System to detect rail fractures on a real time basis.
Train collision avoidance system is being introduced along high density routes.
Some of the highlights of our work, among many others have been:
Introduction of countrys first Humsafar Express between Gorakhpur and Anand Vihar in New Delhi. It is a fully air conditioned train with host of features like GPS enabled announcement system, pleasing interiors and exteriors,CCTV system,pantry with coffee making machine and microwave oven etc. An effort to provide luxury service at affordable price point.
We had revamped the general coaches into special Deendayalu Coaches with amenities like pure drinking water, better ergonomically designed seats for our general class passengers.
In the next 2 months, we would be ready with Tejas Trains which would redefine passenger travel experience in India.
We organised one of the worlds largest brainstorming exercise involving all Railway employees, Rail Vikas Shivir which was graced by Honorable Prime Minister. A dedicated transformation office is being set up in the Ministry to implement innovative ideas coming out of this exercise.
We commissioned high speed Wi-Fi in over 100 stations across country and we would cover 200 more stations in the next year.
We signed a MoU with Ministry of Urban Development to create "Smart Stations" in planned Smart Cities.
On the freight side,we launched a spate of reforms including reduction in charges,liberalized key policies such as Siding and Parcel.
Indian Railways bagged a total of 27 National Energy Conservation Awards (NECA) this year, given annually by Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) under aegis of Ministry of Power, Government of India. This is highest ever tally by Railways.
Partnered with Self Help Groups to provide local cuisines on trains, and thus facilitating employment creation,women empowerment and digital financial inclusion.
A capital expenditure of Rs. 94,000 Cr in 2015-16 against 2009-14 annual average of Rs.46,000 Cr.
2828 kms of broad gauge lines commissioned in 2015-16 against 2009-14 annual average of 1528 kms.
1730 kms of electrification completed in 2015-16 against 2009-14 annual average of 1184 kms.
Declaration of Indias first "Green Rail Corridor" of Rameswaram-Manamadurai section which is 100% human waste discharge free.
Installed 15000+ Bio Toilets in 2015-16.
Clean my Coach service started to enhance on board cleanliness.
E-catering, E-bedroll and E-wheelchair services introduced to provide seamless access to these services.
Introduced one of the worlds cheapest travel insurance for our passengers at only 92 paise for insurance of up to Rs. 10 Lakh. It has now been made free of cost.
Reserved accommodation capacity increased to 44.7 Cr berths from 37.1 Cr.
Implemented one of the worlds largest complaint resolution system through social media,dedicated helpline numbers.
100% E-procurement of goods implemented to ensure transparency.
Largest ever online recruitment exam conducted with over 94 lakh applications.
1000+ Water Vending Machines providing RO water installed at stations across country.
A total of 340+ stations have been provided with CCTV surveillance to ensure safety.
Mumbai Urban Transport Project (MUTP)- Phase III approved by the Cabinet with an estimated cost of Rs 11,000 Cr.
A total of 365 new trains have been introduced in 2014-15 and 2015-16.
Trials of Talgo trains capable of running at 200 kmph successfully completed.-
Collaboration between India and Japan on Mumbai-Ahmedabad high speed Rail project.
Indian Railways has been at the forefront when it comes to promoting sports in the country. Sakshi Malik, who created history by becoming the first women wrestler from India to bag an Olympic Medal is a member of our Railways family. A total of 35 sports persons who represented India in the Rio Olympics were Indian Railways employee, thus comprising almost a third of Indian contingent.
Three of our employees contributed in Indias win in the Hockey Junior World Cup.
Key result areas defined for ensuring accountability, objective performance appraisal.
All these milestones have been set under challenging circumstances.Years of underinvestment have led to overstretched infrastructure, inadequate carrying capacity and huge unmet passenger demand. Non rationalised passenger fares and cross subsidisation by freight revenue led to strain on financial health.
We believe, Indian Railways belongs to you and when we involve you in creating a vision for Indian Railways, excellent results could be achieved. With this in mind, we launched Railways Innovation Challenge inviting suggestions to improve various aspects of our working. We also launched a website to invite inputs for preparation of National Rail Plan 2030.
A lot has been done and a lot is yet to be achieved. It is our Honourable Prime Ministers firm belief that Railways can be the driver of countrys economic growth. With this in mind, we step into the new year with renewed enthusiasm to achieve more, set new milestones.We are working on many focus areas which will propel Indian Railways further on the growth trajectory and benchmark it with the best in the world.
Some of the endeavors department of Indian railways are working on are:-
Redevelopment of railway stations into world class modern terminals with modern passenger amenities. The construction of first such terminal being planned at Habibganj, Bhopal would get underway in next few weeks.
A five year investment plan of Rs. 8.56 Lakh Cr for giving a major push to infrastructure augmentation and thus create capacity for future.
Enabling cashless transactions across Indian Railways at all interfaces.
Working on a multi pronged strategy for running of high speed trains (with a speed of 300 kmph+), semi high speed trains (with a speed of 160 kmph+ - 200kmph), running of existing trains with increased speeds and introduction of faster trains.
A big push on enhancing non fare revenue through advertisings, leasing out of spaces etc.In a first,a Non Fare Revenue Directorate has been set up in Railway Board for this purpose.
More structural reforms and creation of new organizations to keep pace with the changing requirements. Railway Planning and Investment Organisation to prepare National Rail Plan 2030 and SRESTHA, a R&D organization to name a few.
Plan to connect all capital cities of North Eastern states to be connected with broad gauge line by 2020 and stimulating economic development of the region.
Two Dedicated Freight Corridors to be commissioned by 2019 which will decongest existing traffic and pave way for better passenger and freight service.
Making Indian Railways 100% human waste discharge free through use of Bio-Toilets.
Plan to generate 1000 MW solar power in next 5 years, thus becoming one of the countrys largest solar power producer.
Undertaking Accounting Reforms to create a transparent accounting system which will enhance profitability and improve overall efficiency
Implementation of Enterprise Resource Planning(ERP) to streamline operations, infuse technology, enhance efficiency.
Establishment of Rail University as a holistic knowledge centre for Railways.
LED luminaries at all stations.
Indian Railways is divided into 17 zones,which are further sub-divided into divisions.
Northern, Southern, Eastern, Western Railway are the major and other 13 zones are sub heads which connects to the main system.
Nearly 49,000 bio-toilets in over 900 trains operational, this system is a decomposition mechanized toilet system which decomposes human excretory waste into compost, methane and water.
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The Railway Board is the apex body of the Indian Railways. It reports to the Parliament of India through the Ministry of Railways headed by the Railway Minister of India.
Rail Budget is the Annual Planning expenditure of the Indian Railways, till 21 September 2016 Railway budget is a separate buget planned every year. The new amendment is included in the general budget, therefore the government is planned to develop major infrastructure for upgrade of service to the 20 million passengers.
Railway engineering is the discipline dealing with the design, construction and operation and research of all types of indian railway systems.
RRB Exams and recruitment are conducted in 21 cities, They are Ahmedabad, Ajmer, Allahabad, Bangalore, Bhopal, Bhubaneshwar, Bilaspur, Chandigarh, Chennai, Gorakhpur, Guwahati, Jammu, Kolkata, Malda, Mumbai, Muzaffarpur, Patna, Ranchi, Secunderabad, Siliguri and Trivendrum
Indian 1st railway university to come up in Vadodara, Gujarat. The university is planned to help in carrying out Research and modernisation for the Indian Railways
High Speed Trains (HST)
India is 5 - 8 years away to High Speed Trains Compared to world high speed standards (upto 450 km/h). Indian High Speed Trains are Rajadhani Express, Shatabdi Express, Duranto Express and Gatiman Express. Shatabdi trains are designed to facilitate day express runs to metro cities with the speeds upto 130 km/hr. Gatiman Express is the fastest HST in india with the speeds upto 16km/hour.
2017-2018 Railway Budget
Charges for e-booking of railway tickets through IRCTC withdrawn
Railways will integrate end to end transport solutions for selected commodities through partnership
Unmanned level crossings to be done away with by 2020
By 2019, all coaches of Indian Railways will be fitted with Bio-toilets
Atleast 25 stations expected to be awarded during 2017-18; 500stations to be made differently abled-friendly by providing lifts and escalators
A new metro rail policy will be announced, this will open up new jobs for our youth
Rail safety fund with a corpus of Rs 100,000 crore to be created over a period of 5 years
The Railway app is designed with Live Train running status of Indian Railways is a service used to locate the live location of a running train.
Latest information to know about irctc login account and train status for the confirmation of seat availability with the IRCTC portal, Get help with indian railways app
PNR Status of waiting list and RAC for your railway ticket can easily be checked with sms and website of Indian Railways and IRCTC PNR status enquiry